Urinary Tract Infections

Urinary Tract Infections

Urinary tract infections (UTI) are a common source of acute illness for infants and children. Approximately 7-8% of girls and 2% of boys will experience a UTI before they are 8 years old. UTIs may be difficult to identify and treat as symptoms in children are different from expected adult symptoms. A previously conducted systematic review identified four … Read more

Bronchiolitis

Bronchiolitis

Bronchiolitis is an acute infection of the lower respiratory tract that predominantly affects children less than two years old. Although self-limiting, symptoms of bronchiolitis can be distressing for young children. Research has demonstrated that parents may not have the necessary information to be able to identify bronchiolitis symptoms, resulting in emergency department (ED) visits and hospitalizations. Parents have expressed … Read more

Procedural Pain

Procedural Pain

Procedures carried out in acute care settings, such as emergency departments (EDs), are among the most common sources of acute pain experienced by children. Such procedures may include intravenous insertions (IVs), venipuncture, and wound irrigation and repair. Inadequately managed procedural pain can cause negative short-term and long-term implications for children, ranging from anxiety to aversion to healthcare. Parents have … Read more

Pediatric Fever

Pediatric Fever

Fever is defined as an elevated body temperature greater or equal to 38 degrees celsius when measured via the ear canal. It is a common bodily response in children and is typically a benign process that is self-limiting. However, fever can be an anxiety provoking event for some parents because their child can look unwell … Read more

Pediatric Acute Gastroenteritis

Pediatric Acute Gastroenteritis

Characterized by vomiting, fever, abdominal pain and diarrhea, acute gastroenteritis (AGE) is a common illness in pediatric populations. In Canada, pediatric AGE accounts for 200,000 emergency visits, 20,000 hospital admissions, and 30 deaths a year. Yet, there continues to be significant practice variations in the treatment of AGE. Knowledge translation (KT) can help close the … Read more

Croup

Croup

Croup is a common viral illness affecting 80,000 children annually in Canada. Between 7-31% of children seen in an ED for croup are admitted to hospital due to health care provider apprehension. However, over 60% of children with croup experience mild symptoms that can be safely managed at home.    Emerging evidence suggests that initiatives … Read more

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