Bronchiolitis Technical Report


Bronchiolitis is an acute infection of the lower respiratory tract that predominantly affects children less than two years old. Although self-limiting, symptoms of bronchiolitis can be distressing for young children. Research has demonstrated that parents may not have the necessary information to be able to identify bronchiolitis symptoms, resulting in emergency department (ED) visits and hospitalizations. Parents have expressed that they feel unprepared, afraid, and that they lack information on their child’s condition. Digital knowledge translation (KT) tools have the potential to convey complex health information to parents.


We worked with parents of children with bronchiolitis to develop and evaluate three digital tools on bronchiolitis (whiteboard animation video, infographic, and e-Book). Following prototype completion, usability testing was conducted using iPads in two Alberta ED waiting rooms. Parents were randomized to one out of the three tools. Overall, the tools were highly rated, suggesting that artsbased digital tools are useful in delivering complex health information to parents to support their healthcare decision-making needs.


The ECHO research program is focused on improving health outcomes for children with acute health conditions through the application of the best available evidence — a process known as knowledge translation (KT).

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Physical treatments can include physiotherapy, prescribed exercise plans, strengthening exercises, massage, and more. 

Psychological treatments can include counselling or talk therapy, supportive therapy, cognitive behaviour therapy, mediation, and more. They can be provided on a one-on-one basis or in a group setting.