Croup is a common viral illness affecting 80,000 children annually in Canada. Between 7-31% of children seen in an ED for croup are admitted to hospital due to health care provider apprehension. However, over 60% of children with croup experience mild symptoms that can be safely managed at home. 


Emerging evidence suggests that initiatives targeting healthcare consumers (i.e., patients, parents, families) can inform decision making and shape treatment expectations. Previous research demonstrates that innovative media are superior to traditional standard health sheets for transferring information to consumers. 


The purpose of this project was to develop, refine, and test the usability of a whiteboard animation video for parents about childhood croup. Parents rated the tools highly across all usability items, suggesting that creative tools developed using multi-method development processes can help facilitate the uptake of health information in parents.


The ECHO research program is focused on improving health outcomes for children with acute health conditions through the application of the best available evidence — a process known as knowledge translation (KT).

ECHO circles


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Physical treatments can include physiotherapy, prescribed exercise plans, strengthening exercises, massage, and more. 

Psychological treatments can include counselling or talk therapy, supportive therapy, cognitive behaviour therapy, mediation, and more. They can be provided on a one-on-one basis or in a group setting.