ECHO Publications

The following are select publications from ECHO Research



Flynn, R., Walton, S., Scott, S.D. (2019) Engaging children and families in pediatric health research: a scoping review. Research Involvement and Engagement, 5(32). doi:

Rotter, T., Flynn, R., Brooks, H.M., Plesuk, T., Bannar-Martin, K.H., Chambers, T., Hartling, L., Scott, S.D. (2019). Systematic review of the use of process evaluations in knowledge translation research. BMC Systematic Reviews.

Gates, M., Hartling, L., Shulhan-Kilroy, J., MacGregor, T., Guitard, S., Wingert, A., Featherstone, R., Vandermeer, B., Poonai, N., Kircher, J., Perry, S., Graham, T., Scott, S.D., Ali, S. (2019) Digital technology distraction for acute pain in children: a meta-analysis. Pediatrics.

Flynn, R., Scott, S.D. (2019) Understanding determinants of sustainability through a realist investigation of a large-scale quality improvement initiative (Lean): A refined program theory. Journal of Nursing Scholarship.

Campbell, A., Hartling, L., Louie-Poon, S., Scott, S.D. (Accepted 10 Oct 2019) Parent information needs and preferences related to bronchiolitis: A qualitative study. CMAJ Open.

Thompson, A.P., Nesari, M., Hartling, L., Featherstone, R., Scott, S.D. (2019) Parents’ experiences and information needs related to childhood fever: a systematic review. Patient Education and Counselling.

Archibald, M., Scott, S.D. (2019) Learning from usability testing of an arts-based knowledge translation tool for parents of a child with asthma. Nursing Open, 6(4):1-11. doi:

Campbell, A., Louie-Poon, S., Slater, L., Scott. S.D. (2019) Knowledge translation strategies used by healthcare professionals in child health settings: an updated systematic review. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 47, 114-120. doi:10.1016/j.pedn.2019.04.026

Le, A., Dick, B.D., Spiers, J., Reid, K., Scott, S.D. (2019) Parents’ experiences with pediatric chronic pain. Canadian Journal of Pain. 3(1), 20-32. doi: 10.1080/24740527.2019.1577679.


Gates, M., Shulhan-Kilroy, J., Featherstone, R., MacGregor, T., Scott, S.D., Hartling, L. (2018). Parent experiences and information needs related to bronchiolitis: a mixed methods systematic review. Patient Education and Counseling, 102(4), 864-878. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2018.12.013

Shave, K., Ali, S., Scott, S.D., Hartling, L. (2018) Procedural pain in children: A qualitative study of caregiver experiences and information needs. 18. BMC Pediatrics.

Flynn, R., Newton, A.S., Rotter, T., Hartfield, D., Walton, S., Fiander, M., Scott, S.D. (2018). The sustainability of Lean in pediatric healthcare: a realist review. Systematic Reviews. doi: 0.1186/s13643-018-0800-z

Albrecht, L., Scott, S.D., Hartling, L. (2018) Evaluating a knowledge translation tool for parents about pediatric acute gastroenteritis: a pilot randomized trial. Pilot and Feasibility Studies. doi: 10.1186/s40814-018-0318-0

Archibald, M., Hartling L., Ali, S., Caine, V., & Scott, S. (2018) Developing “My Asthma Diary”: A process exemplary of a Patient-Driven Arts-Based Knowledge Translation Tool. BMC Pediatrics.

Gates, A., Shave, K., Featherstone, R., Scott, S.D., Hartling. L. (2018) Dissemination of evidence in pediatric emergency medicine: a quantitative descriptive evaluation of a 16-week social media promotion. BMJ Open.

Slaughter, S., Archibald, M.M., Albrecht, L., Say, B., Norris, A.J., Paul, P., Scott, S.D. (2018) Valuing Arts-based Academic Projects in a Faculty of Nursing: A Case Study of Graduate Student and Supervisors Experiences. Quality Advancement in Nursing Education.

Meherali, S., Campbell, A., Hartling, L., Scott, S.D. (2018) Understanding parents’ experiences and information needs on pediatric acute otitis media: a qualitative study. Journal of Patient Experience.

Rieger, K.L., West, C.H., Kenny, A., Chooniedass, R., Demczuk, L., Mitchell, K.M., Chateau, J., Scott, S.D. (2018) Digital Storytelling as a method in health research: a systematic review protocol. BMC Systematic Reviews. 7: 41. doi: 10.1186/s13643-018-0704-y.

Klassen, T., Knisley, L., Roche, P., Scott, S.D., Mona, J., Hartling, L., Curran, J., Crockett, L. (2018) Knowledge sharing between general and pediatric emergency departments: connections, barriers and opportunities. Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine. Doi: 10.1017/cem.2018.7

Gates, A., Shulhan, J., Featherstone, R., Scott, S.D., Hartling, L. (2018) A systematic review of parents’ experiences and information needs related to their child’s urinary tract infection. Patient Education and Counseling.

Zhang, A., Albrecht, L., Scott, S.D. (2018) Using Twitter for data collection with healthcare consumers: a scoping review. International Journal of Qualitative Methodologies.17: 1-13. doi: 10.1177/1609406917750782

Flynn, R., Albrecht, L., Scott, S.D. (2018) Two approaches to focus group data collection for qualitative health research: Maximizing resources and data quality. International Journal of Qualitative Methods. 17: 1-9. doi: 10.1177/1609406917750781.


Reid, K., Hartling, L., Ali, S., Le, A., Norris, A., Scott, S.D. (2017). Development and usability evaluation of an art and narrative-based knowledge translation tool for parents with a child with pediatric chronic pain: multi-method study. Journal of Medical Internet Research. 19(12). doi: 10.2196/jmir.8877

Dyson, M., Shave, K., Gates, A., Fernandes, R.M., Scott, S.D., Hartling, L. Which outcomes are important to patients and families who have experienced pediatric acute respiratory illness? Findings from a mixed methods sequential exploratory study. BMJ Open. 7(12): e018199. Doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018199.

Gates, A., Shave, K., Featherstone, R., Buckreus, K., Ali, S., Scott, S.D., Hartling, L.. (2017) Procedural pain: systematic review of parent experiences and information needs. Clin Pediat (Phila). doi: 10.1177/0009922817733694.

Albrecht, L., Scott, S.D., Hartling, L. (2017) Knowledge translation tools for parents on child health topics: a scoping review. BMC Health Services Research. 17:686. Doi: 10.1186/s12913-017-2632-2.

Samuel, S.M., Flynn, R., Zappitelli, M., Dart, A., Parekh, R., Pinsk, M., Mammen, C., Wade, A., Scott, S.D. & the Canadian Childhood Nephrotic Syndrome Project Team. 2017. Factors influencing practice variation for the management of nephrotic syndrome: A qualitative study of pediatric nephrology care provides. CMAJ Open. cmajo 5:E424-E430

Gates, A., Shave, K., Featherstone, R., Buckreus, K., Ali, S., Scott, S.D., Hartling L. (2017) Parent experiences and information needs relating to procedural pain in children: a systematic review protocol. Syst Rev. 6(1):109. doi: 10.1186/s13643-017-0499-2.

Featherstone, R.M., Leggett, C., Knisley, L., Jabbour, M., Klassen, T.P., Scott, S.D., Van De Mosselaer, G., Hartling, L. (2017) Creation of an integrated knowledge translation process to improve pediatric emergency care in Canada. Health Communication. DOI:10.1080/10410236.2017.1323538

Samuel, S.M., Takano, T., Scott, S.D., Benoit, G., Bitzan, M., Mammen, C., Ryan, L., Morgan, C., and the Canadian Childhood Nephrotic Syndrome Project Team. (2017) Setting new directions for research in childhood nephrotic syndrome: results from a national workshop. Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease. 4:1-7, doi:10.1177/2054358117703386.

Dyson, M.P., Shave, K., Fernandes, R.M., Scott, S.D., Hartling, L. Outcomes in child health: exploring the use of social media to engage parents in patient-centered outcomes research. J Med Internet Res 2017;19(3):e78.

Bragge, P., Grimshaw, J.M., Lokker, C., Colquhoun, H., and the Terminology Writing/Working Group[1]. AIMD- a validated, simplified framework of interventions to promote and integrate evidence into health practices, systems, and policies. BMC Medical Research Methodology. doi: 10.1186/s12874-017-0314-8.

Scott, S.D., Albrecht, L., Given, L.M., Hartling, L., Johnson, D.W., Jabbour, M., Klassen, T.P. & The TREKK Team. (2017) Pediatric information seeking behavior, information needs, and information preferences of healthcare professionals in general emergency departments: Results from the Translating Emergency Knowledge for Kids (TREKK) Needs Assessment. Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine. Jan 2017. DOI: 10.1017/cem.2016.406.

Yamada, J., Squires, J.E., Estabrooks, C.A., Victor, C., Stevens, B., & CIHR Team in Children’s Pain[2]. (2017) The role of organizational context in moderating the effect of research use on pain outcomes in hospitalized children: a cross sectional study. BMC Health Services Research (2017) 17:68.

Flynn, R., Scott, S.D., Thomas, R., & Hartfield, D. (2017) The potential for nursing to contribute to and lead improvement science in healthcare. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 2017 Jan;73(1):97-107. doi: 10.1111/jan.13164.


Scott, S.D., Albrecht, L., Bialy, L., Given, L.M., & the TREKK Team. (2016) Navigating research ethics for multi-institutional, multi-site, hospital-based research: Experience from the Translating Emergency Knowledge for Kids (TREKK) Initiative. University of Alberta Health Sciences Journal. Oct; 12 (1):30-33.

Stevens B, Yamada J, Promislow S, Barwick M, Pinard M, and the CIHR Team in Children’s Pain[1]. (2016) Pain assessment and management after a knowledge translation booster intervention. Pediatrics. 138(4): e20153468.

Hodge, K., Cranley, L., & Scott, S.D. (2016). The Prevalence of ‘Spin’ in Art and Narrative Studies: A Cause for Concern? University of Alberta Health Sciences Journal. Oct; 12 (1): 40-47.

Archibald, M., Caine, V., Scott, S.D. (2016) Intersections of the Arts and Nursing Knowledge. Nursing Inquiry. 2016 Aug 20. doi: 10.1111/nin.12153.

Gonzalez de Armas, A., Archibald, M., & Scott, S.D. (2016) Developing an inventory of ongoing/unpublished arts and narrative-based approaches as knowledge translation strategies in healthcare. Arts & Health: An International Journal of Research, Policy and Practice. 2016; July 2.

Scott, S.D., Albrecht, L., Given, L.M. & Klassen, T.P. (2016) Feasibility of an electronic survey on iPads with in-person data collectors for data collection with healthcare professionals and healthcare consumers in general emergency departments. JMIR Res Protoc. 5(2):e139.

Dyson, M., Hartling, L., Shulhan, J., Chrisholm, A., Milne, A., Sundar, P., Scott, S.D., Newton, A. (2016) A systematic review of social media use to discuss and view deliberate self-harm acts. PLOS ONE 18;11(5):e0155813. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0155813

Albrecht, L., Hartling, L. & Scott, S.D. (2016) Pediatric acute gastroenteritis: Understanding caregivers’ experiences and information needs. Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine. 9:1-9.

Vogel, T.K., Kleib, M., Davidson, S.J., Scott, S.D. (2016) Parental evaluation of a nurse practitioner-developed pediatric neurosurgery website. JMIR Research Protocols. 5(2):e55.

Cave, A., Sharpe, H., Anselmo, M., Befus, A.D., Currie G., Drummond, N., Graham, J., Green, L., Grimshaw, J., Kam, K., Manca, D.P., Nettel-Aguirre, A., Potestio, M., Rowe, B., Scott, S.D., Willamson, T., & Johnson, D.W. (2016) Primary Care Pathway for Childhood Asthma: Protocol for a Randomized Cluster-controlled Trial. JMIR Research Protocols. 5 (1): e37.

Plint, A.C., Taljaard, M., McGahern, C., Scott, S.D., Grimshaw, J.M., Klassen, T.P., Johnson, D. W. (2016) Management of bronchiolitis in community hospitals in Ontario: A multicenter cohort study. Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine. 18 (6): 443-452.

Lawal, K., Rotter, T., Kinsman, L., Machotta, A., Ronellenfitsch, U., Scott, S.D., Goodridge D., Plishka, C., Groot, G. (2016) What is a clinical pathway? Refinement of an operational definition to identify clinical pathway studies for a Cochrane systematic review. BMC Medicine 14 (35). doi: 10.1186/s12916-016-0580-z

Albrecht, L., Archibald, M., Snelgrove-Clarke, E. & Scott, S.D. (2016) Systematic review of knowledge translation strategies to promote research uptake in child health settings. Journal of Pediatric Nursing 31 (3): 235-54.