ECHO Publications


Flynn, R., Newton, A.S., Rotter, T., Hartfield, D., Walton, S., Fiander, M., Scott, S.D. (2018). The sustainability of Lean in pediatric healthcare: a realist review. Systematic Reviews. doi: 0.1186/s13643-018-0800-z

Albrecht, L., Scott, S.D., Hartling, L. (2018) Evaluating a knowledge translation tool for parents about pediatric acute gastroenteritis: a pilot randomized trial. Pilot and Feasibility Studies. doi: 10.1186/s40814-018-0318-0

Archibald, M., Hartling L., Ali, S., Caine, V., & Scott, S. (2018) Developing “My Asthma Diary”: A process exemplary of a Patient-Driven Arts-Based Knowledge Translation Tool. BMC Pediatrics.

Gates, A., Shave, K., Featherstone, R., Scott, S.D., Hartling. L. (2018) Dissemination of evidence in pediatric emergency medicine: a quantitative descriptive evaluation of a 16-week social media promotion. BMJ Open.

Slaughter, S., Archibald, M.M., Albrecht, L., Say, B., Norris, A.J., Paul, P., Scott, S.D. (2018) Valuing Arts-based Academic Projects in a Faculty of Nursing: A Case Study of Graduate Student and Supervisors Experiences. Quality Advancement in Nursing Education.

Meherali, S., Campbell, A., Hartling, L., Scott, S.D. (2018) Understanding parents’ experiences and information needs on pediatric acute otitis media: a qualitative study. Journal of Patient Experience.

Rieger, K.L., West, C.H., Kenny, A., Chooniedass, R., Demczuk, L., Mitchell, K.M., Chateau, J., Scott, S.D. (2018) Digital Storytelling as a method in health research: a systematic review protocol. BMC Systematic Reviews. 7: 41. doi: 10.1186/s13643-018-0704-y.

Klassen, T., Knisley, L., Roche, P., Scott, S.D., Mona, J., Hartling, L., Curran, J., Crockett, L. (2018) Knowledge sharing between general and pediatric emergency departments: connections, barriers and opportunities. Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine. Doi: 10.1017/cem.2018.7

Gates, A., Shulhan, J., Featherstone, R., Scott, S.D., Hartling, L. (2018) A systematic review of parents’ experiences and information needs related to their child’s urinary tract infection. Patient Education and Counseling.

Zhang, A., Albrecht, L., Scott, S.D. (2018) Using Twitter for data collection with healthcare consumers: a scoping review. International Journal of Qualitative Methodologies.17: 1-13. doi: 10.1177/1609406917750782

Flynn, R., Albrecht, L., Scott, S.D. (2018) Two approaches to focus group data collection for qualitative health research: Maximizing resources and data quality. International Journal of Qualitative Methods. 17: 1-9. doi: 10.1177/1609406917750781.


Reid, K., Hartling, L., Ali, S., Le, A., Norris, A., Scott, S.D. (2017). Development and usability evaluation of an art and narrative-based knowledge translation tool for parents with a child with pediatric chronic pain: multi-method study. Journal of Medical Internet Research. 19(12). doi: 10.2196/jmir.8877

Dyson, M., Shave, K., Gates, A., Fernandes, R.M., Scott, S.D., Hartling, L. Which outcomes are important to patients and families who have experienced pediatric acute respiratory illness? Findings from a mixed methods sequential exploratory study. BMJ Open. 7(12): e018199. Doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018199. (Published online: 14 Dec 2017).

Gates, A., Shave, K., Featherstone, R., Buckreus, K., Ali, S., Scott, S.D., Hartling, L.. (2017) Procedural pain: systematic review of parent experiences and information needs. Clin Pediat (Phila). doi: 10.1177/0009922817733694. (Published online: 01 Sep 2017).

Albrecht, L., Scott, S.D., Hartling, L. (2017) Knowledge translation tools for parents on child health topics: a scoping review. BMC Health Services Research. 17:686. Doi: 10.1186/s12913-017-2632-2. (Published online: 29 Sept 2017).

Samuel, S.M., Flynn, R., Zappitelli, M., Dart, A., Parekh, R., Pinsk, M., Mammen, C., Wade, A., Scott, S.D. & the Canadian Childhood Nephrotic Syndrome Project Team. 2017. Factors influencing practice variation for the management of nephrotic syndrome: A qualitative study of pediatric nephrology care provides. CMAJ Open. cmajo 5:E424-E430 (Published online: 07 June 2017).

Gates, A., Shave, K., Featherstone, R., Buckreus, K., Ali, S., Scott, S.D., Hartling L. (2017) Parent experiences and information needs relating to procedural pain in children: a systematic review protocol. Syst Rev. 6(1):109. doi: 10.1186/s13643-017-0499-2. (Published online: 06 Jun 2017).

Featherstone, R.M., Leggett, C., Knisley, L., Jabbour, M., Klassen, T.P., Scott, S.D., Van De Mosselaer, G., Hartling, L. (2017) Creation of an integrated knowledge translation process to improve pediatric emergency care in Canada. Health Communication. DOI:10.1080/10410236.2017.1323538 (Published online: 24 May 2017).

Samuel, S.M., Takano, T., Scott, S.D., Benoit, G., Bitzan, M., Mammen, C., Ryan, L., Morgan, C., and the Canadian Childhood Nephrotic Syndrome Project Team. (2017) Setting new directions for research in childhood nephrotic syndrome: results from a national workshop. Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease. 4:1-7, doi:10.1177/2054358117703386. (Published online: 24 Apr 2017).

Dyson, M.P., Shave, K., Fernandes, R.M., Scott, S.D., Hartling, L. Outcomes in child health: exploring the use of social media to engage parents in patient-centered outcomes research. J Med Internet Res 2017;19(3):e78.

Bragge, P., Grimshaw, J.M., Lokker, C., Colquhoun, H., and the Terminology Writing/Working Group[1]. AIMD- a validated, simplified framework of interventions to promote and integrate evidence into health practices, systems, and policies. BMC Medical Research Methodology. doi: 10.1186/s12874-017-0314-8. (Published in print: 04 March 2017).

Scott, S.D., Albrecht, L., Given, L.M., Hartling, L., Johnson, D.W., Jabbour, M., Klassen, T.P. & The TREKK Team. (2017) Pediatric information seeking behavior, information needs, and information preferences of healthcare professionals in general emergency departments: Results from the Translating Emergency Knowledge for Kids (TREKK) Needs Assessment. Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine. Jan 2017. DOI: 10.1017/cem.2016.406. (Published online: 09 Jan 2017).

Yamada, J., Squires, J.E., Estabrooks, C.A., Victor, C., Stevens, B., & CIHR Team in Children’s Pain[2]. (2017) The role of organizational context in moderating the effect of research use on pain outcomes in hospitalized children: a cross sectional study. BMC Health Services Research (2017) 17:68.

Flynn, R., Scott, S.D., Thomas, R., & Hartfield, D. (2017) The potential for nursing to contribute to and lead improvement science in healthcare. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 2017 Jan;73(1):97-107. doi: 10.1111/jan.13164.


Scott, S.D., Albrecht, L., Bialy, L., Given, L.M., & the TREKK Team. (2016) Navigating research ethics for multi-institutional, multi-site, hospital-based research: Experience from the Translating Emergency Knowledge for Kids (TREKK) Initiative. University of Alberta Health Sciences Journal. Oct; 12 (1):30-33.

Stevens B, Yamada J, Promislow S, Barwick M, Pinard M, and the CIHR Team in Children’s Pain[1]. (2016) Pain assessment and management after a knowledge translation booster intervention. Pediatrics. 138(4): e20153468.

Hodge, K., Cranley, L., & Scott, S.D. (2016). The Prevalence of ‘Spin’ in Art and Narrative Studies: A Cause for Concern? University of Alberta Health Sciences Journal. Oct; 12 (1): 40-47.

Archibald, M., Caine, V., Scott, S.D. (2016) Intersections of the Arts and Nursing Knowledge. Nursing Inquiry. 2016 Aug 20. doi: 10.1111/nin.12153.

Gonzalez de Armas, A., Archibald, M., & Scott, S.D. (2016) Developing an inventory of ongoing/unpublished arts and narrative-based approaches as knowledge translation strategies in healthcare. Arts & Health: An International Journal of Research, Policy and Practice. 2016; July 2.

Scott, S.D., Albrecht, L., Given, L.M. & Klassen, T.P. (2016) Feasibility of an electronic survey on iPads with in-person data collectors for data collection with healthcare professionals and healthcare consumers in general emergency departments. JMIR Res Protoc. 5(2):e139.

Dyson, M., Hartling, L., Shulhan, J., Chrisholm, A., Milne, A., Sundar, P., Scott, S.D., Newton, A. (2016) A systematic review of social media use to discuss and view deliberate self-harm acts. PLOS ONE 18;11(5):e0155813. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0155813

Albrecht, L., Hartling, L. & Scott, S.D. (2016) Pediatric acute gastroenteritis: Understanding caregivers’ experiences and information needs. Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine. 9:1-9.

Vogel, T.K., Kleib, M., Davidson, S.J., Scott, S.D. (2016) Parental evaluation of a nurse practitioner-developed pediatric neurosurgery website. JMIR Research Protocols. 5(2):e55.

Cave, A., Sharpe, H., Anselmo, M., Befus, A.D., Currie G., Drummond, N., Graham, J., Green, L., Grimshaw, J., Kam, K., Manca, D.P., Nettel-Aguirre, A., Potestio, M., Rowe, B., Scott, S.D., Willamson, T., & Johnson, D.W. (2016) Primary Care Pathway for Childhood Asthma: Protocol for a Randomized Cluster-controlled Trial. JMIR Research Protocols. 5 (1): e37.

Plint, A.C., Taljaard, M., McGahern, C., Scott, S.D., Grimshaw, J.M., Klassen, T.P., Johnson, D. W. (2016) Management of bronchiolitis in community hospitals in Ontario: A multicenter cohort study. Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine. 18 (6): 443-452.

Lawal, K., Rotter, T., Kinsman, L., Machotta, A., Ronellenfitsch, U., Scott, S.D., Goodridge D., Plishka, C., Groot, G. (2016) What is a clinical pathway? Refinement of an operational definition to identify clinical pathway studies for a Cochrane systematic review. BMC Medicine 14 (35). doi: 10.1186/s12916-016-0580-z

Albrecht, L., Archibald, M., Snelgrove-Clarke, E. & Scott, S.D. (2016) Systematic review of knowledge translation strategies to promote research uptake in child health settings. Journal of Pediatric Nursing 31 (3): 235-54.


Hamm, M.P., Newton, A.S., Chisholm, A., Shulhan, J., Milne, A., Sundar, P., Ennis, H., Scott, S.D. & Hartling, L. (2015) The prevalence and impact of cyberbullying on children and young people: a scoping review of social media studies. JAMA Pediatrics. 169(8): 770-7. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.0944.


Scott, S.D., Rotter, T., Hartling, L., Chambers, T. & Bannar-Martin, K.H. (2014). A protocol for a systematic review of the use of process evaluations in knowledge translation research. Systematic Reviews. 3:149. doi: 10.1186/2046-4053-3-149

Stevens, B.J., Yamada, J., Promislow, S.J., Stinson, J., Harrison, D., Victor, J.C. & CIHR Team in Children’s Pain[1]. (2014). Implementation of multidimensional knowledge translation strategies to improve procedural pain in hospitalized children, Implementation Science. 9:120 doi:10.1186/s13012-014-0120-1

Archibald, M.M., Caine, V., Ali, S., Hartling, L., & Scott, S.D. (2014). What is Left Unsaid: An Interpretive Description of the Information Needs of Parents of Children with Asthma. Research in Nursing & Health. 38(1), 19-28. doi: 10.1002/nur.21635

Amsbaugh, S., Scott, S.D., & Foss, K. (2014). Pulse oximetry screening for critical congenital heart disease: Bringing evidence into practice. Journal of Pediatric Nursing. 30(4), 591-597. doi: 10.1016/j.pedn.2014.10.013

Cheng, A., Brown, L.L., Duff, J.P., Davidson, J., Overly, F., Tofil, N.M., Taylor Peterson, D., Lee White, M., Bhanji, F., Bank, I., Gottesman, R., Adler, M., Zhong, J., Grant, V., Grant, D., Sudikoff, S., Marohn, K., Charnovich, A., Hunt, E.A., Kessler, D., Wong, H., Robertson, N., Lin, Y., Doan, Q., Duval-Arnould, J., Nadkarni, V.M. & the INSPIRE CPR Investigator Team[2] (2014). Improving CardioPulmonary Resuscitation with a CPR Feedback Device And Refresher Simulations (CPR Cares Study): A Multicentre, Randomized Trial. JAMA Pediatrics.  doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2014.2616

Archibald, M., Caine, V., & Scott, S.D. (2014). The development of a classification schema for arts-based approaches to knowledge translation. Worldviews on Evidence Based Nursing 11(5), 316-324. doi: 10.1111/wvn.12053

Samuel, S., Scott, S.D., Morgan, C., Dart, A., Mammen, C., Parekh, R., Nettle-Aguirre, A., Eddy, A., Flynn, R., Pinsk, M., Wade, A., Arora, S., Benoit, G., Bitzan, M., Erickson, R., Feber, J., Filler, G., Geier, P., Girardin, C., Grisaru, S., Tee, J., Kemp, K., & Zappitelli, M. (2014). The Canadian Childhood Nephrotic Syndrome (CHILDNEPH) Project: Overview of design and methods. Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease, 1(17). doi:10.1186/2054-3581-1-17

Jones, C.A., Roop, S., Pohar, S., Albrecht, L. & Scott, S.D. (2014). Translating Knowledge in rehabilitation: A systematic review. Physical Therapy (Knowledge Translation and Implementation Special Issue) 94(1) [published online June 5, 2014]. doi: 0.2522/ptj.20130512

Hamm, M., Shulhan, J., Williams, G., Milne, A., Scott, S.D. & Hartling, L. (2014). A systematic review of the use and effectiveness of social media in child health. BMC Pediatrics 14(138). doi: 10.1186/1471-2431-14-138

Olmstead, D., Scott, S.D., Mayan, M., Koop, P., & Reid, K. (2014). Influences shaping nurses’ use of distraction for children’s procedural pain. Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing 9(2), 162-171. doi: 10.1111/jspn.12067

Dorfman, T.L., Rempel, G.R., Scott, S.D. & Hartling, L. (2014). Pain assessment in mechanically ventilated PICU patients: It’s complicated. Pediatric Pain Letter, 16(1-2), 3-7.

Dorfman, T.L., Sumamo Schellenberg, E., Rempel, G.R., Scott, S.D. & Hartling, L. (2014). An evaluation of instruments for scoring physiological and behavioral cues of pain, non-pain related distress, and adequacy of analgesia and sedation in pediatric mechanically ventilated patients: A systematic review. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 51(4), 654–676. doi:

Stevens, B., Yamada, J., Estabrooks, C., Stinson, J., Campbell, F., Scott, S.D., Cummings, G., & CIHR Team in Children’s Pain (2014). Pain in hospitalized children: Effect of a multidimensional knowledge translation strategy on pain outcomes. PAIN, 155(1):60-8


Jaraway, D., Perry, S., Phillips, M., Ziegler, P., Wolgemuth, A. & Scott, S.D. (2013). Preparing parents to help support their child post-amputation for bone cancer. Canadian Operating Room Nursing Journal, 31(4), 13-25.

Hartling, L., Scott, S.D., Johnson, D., Bishop, T. & Klassen, T. (2013). A randomized controlled trial of storytelling as a communication tool. PLoS One, 8(10):e77800.

Rashotte, J., Harrison, D., Coburn, G., Yamada, J., Stevens, B., Abbott, L., Barwick, M., Campbell, F., Chambers, C., Cohen, J., Cummings, G., Estabrooks, C.A., Finley, G.A., Johnston, C., Latimer, M., Lee, S., LeMay, S., McGrath, P., Rosmus, C., Sawatzky-Dickson, D. & Scott, S.D. (2013). Healthcare professionals’ pain narratives in hospitalized children’s medical records: Part 2 structure and content. Pain Research & Management, 18(5), e84-e93. (received Dr. Harold Merskey Award from the Canadian Pain Society)

Rashotte, J., Coburn, G., Harrison, D., Stevens, B., Yamada, J., Abbott, L. & CIHR Team in Children’s Pain[1] (2013). Healthcare professionals’ pain narratives in hospitalized children’s medical records: Part 1 pain descriptors. Pain Research & Management, 18(5), e75-e83. (received Dr. Harold Merskey Award from the Canadian Pain Society)

Squires, J.E., Estabrooks, C.A., Scott, S.D., Cummings, G., Hayduk, L., Kang, S.H., & Stevens, B. (2013). The influence of organizational context on the use of research by nurses in Canadian pediatric hospitals. BMC Health Services Research, 13(351). doi: 10.1186/1472-6963-13-351

Rotter, T., Kinsman, L., Machotta, A., Zhao, F., van der Weijden, T., Ronellenfitsch, U., Scott, S.D. (2013). Clinical pathways for primary care: Effects on professional practice, patient outcomes, care processes, and costs [Protocol]. International Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD010706

Hamm, M., Chisholm A, Shulhan, J., Milne A., Scott, S.D., Klassen, T.P., & Hartling, L. (2013). Social media use by health care professionals and trainees: A scoping review. Academic Medicine, 88(9). doi: 10.1097/ACM.0b013e31829eb91c

Albrecht, L., Archibald, M., Arseneau, D. & Scott, S.D. (2013). Development of a checklist to assess the quality of reporting of knowledge translation interventions using the WIDER Recommendations. Implementation Science, 8(52). doi: 10.1186/1748-5908-8-52 (awarded “highly accessed” status)

Hamm, M., Klassen, T.P., Scott, S.D., Moher, D. & Hartling L. (2013). Education in health research methodology: Use of a wiki for knowledge translation. PLoS One, 8(5): e64922. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0064922

Jabbour, M., Curran, J., Scott, S.D., Rotter, T., Ducharme, F.M., Lougheed, M.D., McNaughton-Filion, M.L., Newton, M., Shafir, M., Paprica, A., Klassen, T., Taljaard, M., Grimshaw, J. & Johnson, D.W. (2013). Best strategies to implement clinical pathways in an emergency department setting: Study protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial. Implementation Science, 8(53). doi: doi:10.1186/1748-5908-8-55

Hamm, M., Chisholm, A., Shulhan, J., Milne, A., Scott, S.D., Given, L.M., & Hartling, L. (2013). Social media use among patients and caregivers: A scoping review. BMJ Open, 3(5). doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2013-002819

Scott, S.D., Brett-MacLean, P., Archibald, M. & Hartling, L. (2013). Protocol for a systematic review of the use of narrative storytelling and visual arts-based approaches as knowledge translation tools in healthcare. Systematic Reviews, 2(19). doi: 10.1186/2046-4053-2-19

Leon, S.L., Cappelli, M., Ali, S., Craig, W., Curran, J., Gokiert, R., Klassen, T., Osmond, M., Scott, S.D., & Newton, A.S. (2013). The current state of mental health services in Canada’s paediatric emergency departments. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 8(2), 81-85.